From Rajasthan to Tamil Nadu, the handcrafted Bandhani sarees are famous all over the country. Owing to the linguistic variations across regions, the Bandhani sarees are also known as Bandhej, Bandhni, Piliya, Chungidi, Ghar Chola and Patori. Bandhani is a type of tie-and-dye technique that relies heavily on human skills. A highly skilled process, it involves dyeing a fabric which is tied tightly with a thread at several points, in effect producing a variety of patterns. Bandhani is known for using bright colours.
The earliest evidence of Bandhani can be found during the Indus Valley Civilization. Closer home, evidence of Bandhani dots were found in 6th-century paintings of the life of Buddha on the walls of Ajanta Caves. These amazing patterns have since drawn many foreign visitors to India.
If historical records are to be believed, the first Bandhani saree was worn in a royal wedding during the time of Bana Bhattâ€™s Harshacharita. Bandhani technique was first started in India by the Khatri community of Gujarat, and the region is still synonymous with this form of art. Rajasthan is another state where this art is practised. Started on a small scale, Bandhani is a thriving industry today.
The city of Jamnagar in Gujarat was the first to introduce these sarees in the market. Since then Jamnagar is considered the hub of Bandhani Sarees. The making of Bandhani sarees is a process worth watching. Travellers and tourists from different parts of the world visit Bandhani saree production centres, not only with the aim to buy them, but also to marvel at the ingenious process. At first, the fabric is tied tightly with a thread at various points and then dipped into a bucket of natural dye. This technique creates amazing patterns on the fabrics.
Bandhini sarees are beautiful expressions of a community which constantly struggles against water scarcity. Perhaps, this is the reason monsoons bring out the best in the artisans, watering not just their throats but their parched imagination too. Monsoon inspired Bandhini sarees are simply gorgeous, as they beautifully embody the flow and grace of water and rains.
Originally found in the parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat, Bandhani sarees are a sensation across the globe, thanks to growing merchandise and innovative marketing techniques. With the rising number of online shopping portals, good quality Bandhani sarees and Bandhani dress materials are just a click away. If you are a stickler for quality and authenticity, you can shop Bandhani sarees online from dedicated e-commerce websites that ensure the growth of handloom industries.